GHI

I

Inclusive pedagogy

to ensure that I not only have high expectations of all learners, but ensure that I provide opportunities to access an enriching curriculum that enables all students to meet or exceed their potential.

Wakefield, S. (2019). A collaborative Action Research project within a data-driven culture: Improving teaching and learning through Social Constructivism in England. In F. Armstrong & D. Tsokova (Eds.), Action Research for Inclusive Education: Participation and Democracy in Teaching and Learning. https://doi.org/10.4324/9781351048361-11

Indian Act

Indian Act

Indigenous Education

learning throughout the life course that is shared and draws from the accumulated knowledge and wisdom of Indigenous communities.

Restoule, J.-P. (2017). Where Indigenous Knowledge Lives: Bringing Indigenous Perspectives to Online Learning Environments. In E. A. McKinley & L. T. Smith (Eds.), Handbook of Indigenous Education (pp. 1–23). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-1839-8_62-1


Indigenous Knowledge

Indigenous knowledge is defined by UNESCO (2017) as the understandings, skills, and philosophies developed by societies with long histories of interaction with their natural surroundings. Battiste and Henderson (2000) add that these are systems. One part is not easily extricated from the whole without changing its nature. Castellano (2000) talks about systems of Indigenous knowledge as having three sources, traditional, empirical, and revealed, as well as five characteristics that include being experiential, holistic, personal, orally transmitted, and using narrative and metaphor.

Restoule, J.-P. (2017). Where Indigenous Knowledge Lives: Bringing Indigenous Perspectives to Online Learning Environments. In E. A. McKinley & L. T. Smith (Eds.), Handbook of Indigenous Education (pp. 1–23). https://doi.org/10.1007/978-981-10-1839-8_62-1


Indigenous Research

Research in any field or discipline that is conducted by, grounded in or engaged with First Nations, Inuit, Métis or other Indigenous nations, communities, societies or individuals, and their wisdom, cultures, experiences or knowledge systems, as expressed in their dynamic forms, past and present. Indigenous research can embrace the intellectual, physical, emotional and/or spiritual dimensions of knowledge in creative and interconnected relationships with people, places and the natural environment.

Government of Canada, S. (2018). Indigenous Research Definition. Retrieved March 27, 2019, from http://www.sshrc-crsh.gc.ca/funding-financement/programs-programmes/definitions-eng.aspx#a11