Chapter 4

Literature Review and Research Questions

Sources of research ideas:

  • everyday life
  • practical issues
  • past research
  • theory

Theory

An explanation or explanatory system that discusses how a phenomenon operates and why it operates as it does.

  • makes sense out of current knowledge
  • summarizes and integrates
  • suggests new relationships
  • makes new predictions

Developing a Research Idea

Topic
  • Broad subject matter
Problem
  • issue or problem w/i topic
Purpose
  • intent or objective
Question
  • quan - relationships btwn variables
  • qual - process, issue, or phenomenon to be explored
Hypothesis
  • prediction or best guess

Literature Review