Theoretical Framework

Lederman, N. G., & Lederman, J. S. (2015). What Is A Theoretical Framework? A Practical Answer. Journal of Science Teacher Education, 26(7), 593–597. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10972-015-9443-2

  • poor or non-existent theoretical framework is a critical problem for manuscripts
  • TF is not necessarily a theory
  • TF answers two basic questions
    • what is the problem or question?
    • Why is your approach to solving the problem or answering the question feasible?
  • Only source of a TF is a thorough review of the literature
    • theoretical
    • empirical
    • gaps
  • formalization of the topic or investigation
  • chapters 1&2